Bed bugs are small parasitic insects that can hide in many places, including your bedroom. You may find them in headboards, bed frames, and seams on furniture. They can also hide under loose wall paper or under cushions. Often, these pests are about the size of a credit card.
Bedbugs are more likely to infest a home that is often used by frequent travelers. They are attracted to the warmth and carbon dioxide of people. They can also be attracted to urine. Most of them hide during the day but are more active at night. If you have frequent travel, you run the risk of bringing home bedbugs on your luggage or clothing.
The origins of bed bugs are not entirely known. Some say they evolved in caves in the mid-Cretaceous period, when dinosaurs slowly began to decline and the first mammals began to emerge. Despite their nocturnal habits, these insects prefer human hosts. While their bites are not painful, most people develop an allergic reaction to the saliva transmitted by these pests. Their bites are red and itchy, and tend to appear in clusters.
The best way to determine whether you have a bed bug infestation is to conduct a physical inspection. Bed bugs are easy to spot if you notice reddish-brown fecal spots on your bed or upholstery. Bedbugs also leave bite marks on your skin.