If you want to take your rat outside, you can harness it or get it a leash. However, many rats do not respond well to being harnessed or taken outside. In these cases, you will need to use extreme caution when taking the rat outside. Another option is to get a rat carrier. The carrier will not only protect the rat, but also give you peace of mind.
The first step to training your rat to walk on a leash is to make sure it has the appropriate environment. Rats are active animals, so it’s important to create routines for the animal. Try to keep the environment as clean as possible, and make sure it’s a safe place for it.
When training your rat to sit on your shoulder, remember that you need to be gentle with him. You need to make sure he doesn’t get hurt, and it may take a few tries before he learns to sit still. During the first few attempts, you’ll want to hold him down for no more than a minute or two. Once he learns to sit, you can then use a clicker to reward the behavior with a treat.
You’ll also need a leash. You can create one yourself by using a shoelace, a safety clip, or a badge holder with a clip. First, measure the length of your rat’s body, then tie a knot on one end. Then, use a safety pin to secure the knot and place a safety clip on the other end.