The first step in getting rid of head lice is to identify and inform anyone who has come into contact with your child’s head. While it’s not necessary to treat the whole family with head lice remedies, it’s important to treat any infected individuals who have come in contact with your child. Head lice treatments often involve changing pillowcases. Be sure to use hot water when washing and dry the pillowcases in a hot clothes dryer.
The second step is to treat the infected hair with an alcohol-based product. Alcohol-based shampoos and lotions are effective in killing head lice and their eggs. It’s important to remember that alcohol-based products can cause skin irritation, so you should use them sparingly on your child’s scalp.
The next step is to use a lice comb. These combs are specially designed to remove lice and their eggs, so they shouldn’t cause skin irritation. They also work by catching the lice before they can lay eggs. Children can use the comb themselves if they know how.
If you’re not sure whether your child has head lice, it’s worth examining their hair. It may contain nits, unhatched eggs, or empty shells. You can also try a magnifying glass to spot crawling lice or identify the developing nymph inside a viable egg. A live head louse is often the best way to confirm a diagnosis, but it can be difficult to see. If you’re unsure, try using a fine-toothed comb to search for the tiny parasites that live on the scalp. This is particularly helpful if the hair is wet as it traps tiny lice.