Luckily, there are many effective ways to get rid of head lice. Using a comb to remove the bugs is a good first step. It is important to comb your hair thoroughly, especially if you have just been exposed to the lice. You should also use conditioner after combing your hair to remove any residue that might contain eggs or lice. Repeat the combing process at least four or five times. Another method is to apply an insecticide.
Head lice are tan or grayish insects that feed off human blood. They lay their eggs on hair shafts that are less than 1/4 inch (5 millimeters) from the scalp. The eggs hatch after 6 to nine days and develop into adult lice after nine to 12 days. A head louse’s life cycle is relatively short. The average adult head louse can live three to four weeks. The adult female lays between six and ten eggs per day.
If left untreated, head lice can cause a variety of health complications. These include odor, itching, and sleeping problems. The itching may also damage the hair and scalp. In severe cases, a scalp infection could result. Chronic infestations can even cause anemia and blood loss. It’s important to avoid these complications as soon as you notice them.