Lice are tiny parasites that live on the scalp. They are grayish-white or tan in color and are only a few millimeters long. They hatch from eggs and are only a few days old before becoming adults. Lice can live up to thirty days on the head, although some may die after only one or two days.
When your child is diagnosed with head lice, it is important to treat the affected person as soon as possible. This way, the lice will not spread. It is also important for you to treat other members of the household. It is important to follow instructions carefully and make sure all members of the family are aware of what to do in order to get rid of head lice as quickly as possible.
Head lice can be transferred from one person to another through head-to-head contact or from inanimate objects. If the infestation is very old, it may not be obvious until several weeks have passed. The nits may be confused with other particles in the hair, such as dandruff or hair spray droplets. If you have hair containing nits more than 1/4 inch from the scalp, it is likely that you have an old infestation.
There are various ways to treat lice, and it is important to remember that lice live on the head and do not live on other parts of the body. While the most common method of treatment is applying an anti-lice medication to the affected areas, you can also use other methods, such as cleaning the home.