Head lice are spread through casual contact. A person with a head louse infection should consult a healthcare provider for the best treatment options. The head louse is a tiny, grayish-white insect that lays eggs on the scalp or near the base of the hair. These eggs hatch after eight days.
Head lice infestations are not unusual and have been documented since the 14th century. In the United States alone, head lice affects 12 million children every year. Fortunately, there are several treatments for head lice, including OTC creams and pesticide-based treatments. The main difference between fleas and head lice is that fleas have no jaws. They use their epipharynx to feed on their hosts.
Fleas are more common and easier to spot than lice. Fleas are small, fast-moving insects found on animals and humans. Their bite is less painful than that of lice, but they are both difficult to get rid of. A person suffering from head lice should seek treatment immediately.
Fleas are attracted to animals with fur or feathers. For instance, a bird with amble feathers makes the perfect nest for fleas. These insects can enter the host’s hair and lay eggs, making their environment an ideal breeding ground for these parasites.