People in head-to-head contact are at the highest risk for contracting head lice. The best way to prevent the spread of head lice is to avoid direct contact with infested people. It is also important to avoid sharing clothing and other personal items. The spread of head lice is most often facilitated by sharing personal items, but you can also get infected from your furniture or carpet.
First, you should know what a head louse looks like. These are tiny bugs that live on human hair and feed on blood on the scalp. They lay eggs on the hair shaft, approximately 4 to 6 mm away from the scalp. The eggs hatch after about 7 to 12 days. When you notice these lice, they will look like tiny, oval-shaped specks that are attached to your hair.
Head lice do not jump or fly, so they spread by head-to-head contact. They can also be spread through the sharing of personal items, such as hairbrushes and towels. Despite their small size, they can survive on your head for up to 24 hours. You should also avoid sharing personal items with infected people.
Head lice can be transmitted from person to person through head-to-head contact, sharing personal items and sharing clothing. Pets cannot catch head lice.