Head lice are tiny parasites that live on the scalp. They can be the size of a pinhead or even smaller. They cannot fly or jump. Adult lice lay about 8 eggs per day (called nits). The nits are stuck to the hair near the scalp, but it can be hard to spot them because of their shell. They hatch in about seven to ten days.
There are over-the-counter treatments available to treat lice in children and adults. These can be effective, but you should follow the instructions on the package. OTC treatments cost much less than prescription products, but they may not completely kill the lice. Your pediatrician can help you decide which treatment is right for your child.
When it comes to treating head lice, dermatologists suggest following a few tips. First, you should thoroughly comb through your hair. Using a fine-tooth comb and magnifying glass will help you to see the lice. Secondly, always make sure your hair is wet. This will make it easier to see them and prevent them from scurrying away. You should also sit under a bright light and separate each section of hair. Next, slowly comb outward through your hair. Make sure to look for adult lice, not nits.
Lastly, you can use a medicated lotion or shampoo to kill the lice in the hair. These products can be found at supermarkets, pharmacies, and online. They are designed to kill lice and other parasites in the scalp. Some of them even come with a comb to remove dead lice.