Bed bugs are not insects with pincers. Instead, they have antennae that act as sensors and are about half the length of their bodies. Their mouths also have a small tube called a proboscis that is used to feed. It is located under the bug’s mouth when it is not in use and elongates when it is time to feed. They have saliva that contains anticoagulants and can draw about 0.0055 milliliters of blood from their host.
Bed bugs breed in areas of high human activity. These places may include apartments, community centers, dormitories, and used furniture outlets. They were relatively rare during the late 20th century but recently have returned to plague some areas of North America. The best way to deal with a bed bug infestation is to hire a professional pest control company.
Bedbugs feed while you sleep, often about an hour before the sun rises. However, they can feed at any time of the day. They feed by sucking blood from the body of humans sleeping nearby. Their saliva numbs the skin, which helps them drink the blood more easily. Some people are sensitive to this saliva and may experience rashes or itchy bumps. A bedbug will feed for up to five minutes and then return to its hiding places.
Bedbugs have five different nymph stages, each requiring a blood meal. In between each stage, bedbugs molt, creating a casing that protects them from the environment. After each molting, they will be slightly larger and darker.