What is the life cycle of spiders? Spiders live an average of three years in the wild. However, the length of their life cycle can vary from species to species. Some spiders live several more years in captivity.
During the summer, spiders are active and seek to mate. They also search for a place to hide in case of extreme weather. In the winter, the spiders enter a period of diapause. This is a time when they wait for ideal conditions before re-emerging.
Male spiders have some impressive courtship behaviors. Among these is the ability to smear a secretion on the epigyne of their female. The epigyne is a black shiny spot located between the booklung of the “abdomen” of the spider.
Another courtship trick is the use of vibration. Most web-building spiders use vibration to communicate.
The most common use of vibration is to signal that the female is about to mate. Other species, such as jumping spiders, employ the use of visual senses.
Female spiders are also able to carry eggs. Their eggs are not produced by an artificial method, as they are fertilized by sperm. When a male is ready to mate, he constructs a special “sperm web.” He deposits sperm in the epigyne of his female.
It is possible for a spider to mate in seconds. For example, a mature male spider can siphon up sperm into the appendages on the sides of his head. Once he has done this, the sperm is transferred to the tips of the female’s ovaries.