Mosquitoes Can Often Transmit Viruses
Viruses, parasites, and other microorganisms can be carried by mosquitoes, and many of them can cause disease in humans. Mosquitoes carry viruses that cause a variety of diseases, including malaria, encephalitis, West Nile virus, and Zika virus.
Mosquitoes can be found in tropical regions all around the world, and they are often vectors for disease. They are often attracted to people by their body odor, heat, or carbon dioxide exhaled from the person. They use their proboscis to probe for blood vessels. They also inject saliva into the wound to facilitate the smooth flow of blood. These salivary glands contain an anticoagulant, which helps prevent blood clots.
Mosquitoes can carry a variety of viruses, including West Nile, St. Louis, and malaria. They usually do not cause any symptoms in humans, but they can lead to more serious illnesses.
Many of the viruses are transmitted by mosquitoes by biting an infected host, and then passing the virus to the host. For example, the West Nile virus is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. It causes encephalitis in humans and in other animals.
Infections by mosquitoes can also occur without a bite. Mosquitoes may be infected by a bird carrying the virus, which may then pass the virus to a mosquito. The bird may be infected and harbor the virus for several days.
Mosquitoes also carry a variety of arboviruses. These viruses cause flu-like illnesses, but they can also cause more serious conditions. Several arboviruses have been isolated from Connecticut mosquitoes, including nine arboviruses that cause human disease.