Head lice can be spread from person to person so it is important to avoid head-to-head contact. However, lice can also be spread through carpets, furniture, and pillows. The best way to prevent lice from spreading is to wash and dry all clothing and bedding thoroughly. You can also use a vacuum cleaner to get rid of shedding lice and prevent infestations. If you suspect that your child has head lice, contact their daycare, school, or gym right away. Then, make sure to keep them home for at least a day after the treatment.
Head lice are small insects that live on the scalp. They feed on the blood from the scalp and lay eggs called nits. These nits attach to the hair shaft and can remain attached for a long time. The most common age group for head lice is three to 11 years old, as children tend to share hair-covered items.
Although head lice are difficult to eradicate, you can keep them from spreading. Washing pillow cases and hats can help contain the infestation. You should also avoid sharing personal items with other people. Lice eggs are attached to hair and may look like dandruff. These tiny, oval-shaped bugs grow through three stages before becoming adults. Adult head lice are tan-colored and move quickly across the scalp and hair.
The main way to prevent lice from spreading is to treat them as soon as you notice their presence. It is important to avoid head-to-head contact with others, especially when at school. Children should also keep their headgear clean, and you should check for live lice and nits regularly.