Before applying a head lice treatment, you should ensure that you wash all your clothing and bedding thoroughly in hot water. Dry the items in a hot electric dryer. If possible, you should also vacuum the house and car seats. If you have difficulty washing these items, store them in plastic bags for two weeks. You should also avoid spraying your home or belongings with an insecticide. A health care provider can advise you on the most effective treatment.
Head lice infestations should be treated as soon as you suspect an infestation. You should also check other household members and close contacts. If the infestation is widespread, you may want to consider using a treatment for all those affected at once. Changing your pillowcases is an easy way to treat head lice. It is also important to dry them in a warm clothes dryer.
Fleas and lice can be easily confused with one another. However, fleas are completely different from head lice. While lice feed on dead skin and hair, fleas attach to individual hairs and move through the hair. Therefore, you may be unable to notice them when they are present.
One of the most common treatments is permethrin lotion. It is a synthetic pyrethroid that has been approved by the FDA for head lice treatment. Permethrin kills live lice but not unhatched eggs. Permethrin lotion 1% is also effective for several days after treatment. A second treatment may be necessary on day nine.