In some cases, untreated head lice can lead to other complications, including impetigo, which can be a skin infection caused by strep and staph bacteria. When left untreated, impetigo can cause skin inflammation, itching, and a rash. Treatment for impetigo is based on the underlying cause of the infection, and it may require antibiotics. However, in many cases, the infection is not contagious, and hair loss is rarely a symptom of the infection.
Fortunately, there are treatments for lice that can kill them all, and you can use them yourself in the privacy of your home. The AAP recommends treatment after exposure to head lice in children, but it is not mandatory. In the event that you suspect that your child has head lice, call 911 immediately.
If you suspect that your child has lice, make sure to check them with a nit-comb. Using a nit-comb can help remove the lice and prevent any further problems. In addition to this, lice-infested hair can make brushing hair difficult and may even cause hair loss.