Flies are able to remember what is happening around them and can even remember the odor you spray on them. One way scientists have been able to prove this is by training flies in the dark. They were exposed to odors of various types, and when they saw the same odor they ran away. This test was the first to show that flies have visual memory.
It’s believed that fruit flies have a brain that has a lot of similarities to the cerebral cortex of a human brain. These tiny insects have 100,000 neurons and use their ellipsoid bodies to navigate. They also have a semaphorin protein that influences the behavior of their axons.
Researchers have been able to study the brains of flies in detail. They have been able to identify specific areas in the fly brain that are involved in visual and motor function. They have also discovered that a certain gene called potassium channel short-circuits cells in the brain. Using these findings, scientists can learn more about how the brains of animals work.
Researchers found that flies’ memories are not just short-term, but are also long-term memories. The olfactory center in the brain is also involved in this process. This region processes scents and connects these to the brain’s reward and aversion systems.