Bed bugs are small creatures that live in mattresses, box springs, and other upholstered furniture. Their appearance is often accompanied by a foul odor. These bugs are able to hide in wood and in holes, so they must be carefully examined. It is also a good idea to pull the furniture away from baseboards and walls. If the furniture is upholstered, remove cushion covers and check under the cushions. Bed bugs have a flat oval-shaped body and a narrow head. They have two black, beady eyes, and have six legs. Their antennae have four segments each.
The best way to prevent bedbugs is to keep an eye out for them. They may be hiding in your bed, but they can also be found in other areas of your home. Bedbugs are attracted to soft surfaces and can hitchhike onto your clothes and personal items. When they see humans or pets lying in bed, they will feed. They also release histamine, a chemical that attracts other bedbugs.
Bedbugs do not only attack humans, but also dogs and cats. Their bites are usually painless during the attack, but over time, most people develop an allergic reaction to the insect saliva. This results in swollen, red, and itchy bites. The bites also tend to appear in clusters or patterns.